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May 12, 2021

The Effects of COVID-19 on Syrian Refugee Businesses


One year on: Almost nine out of ten Syrian refugee businesses are hit hard by COVID-19

Syrian refugee entrepreneurs in host countries have suffered a year of revenue decline, layoffs, and targeted restrictions, with 87.4% of businesses, or almost nine in ten, negatively impacted by an unprecedented crisis.

Marking one year since lockdown was imposed by governments in the Middle East to curb the spread of COVID-19, new research by Jusoor and Spark has revealed the extent of the damage that the pandemic has inflicted on Syrian small and medium businesses (SMEs) and startups in the region.

Relentless: Syrian Refugee Entrepreneurship in Host Countries interviews 271 Syrian founders, business experts, and NGO representatives to understand the impact of COVID-19 measures and identify the biggest challenges faced by Syrians in four countries: Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq.

The research reveals that:

Of those surveyed, 43.5% described the impact of COVID-19 as ‘extreme

’Of all challenges, access to a source of funds (62.9%) was the biggest challenge for Syrian businesses, followed by location and mobility restrictions (49.3%), laws and regulations (30.6%), infrastructure (30.1%), supply chain (30.1%) and finally, business knowledge (6.2%)

64.8% of entrepreneurs run their business informally. Of those, 45.6% are home-based, 28.2% are SMEs, 22.8% are startups, and 3.4% are large businesses

SMEs came out worst off in this survey, with 51.30% saying the pandemic’s impact was extreme, followed by home-based businesses (44.4%), large enterprises (38.9%), and startups (31.4%)

35 out of 83 female-owned enterprises that participated in this research had to suspend operations at some point of the lockdown, revealing additional gender-based struggles

Even though businesses across countries were largely affected by measures installed to restrict movement and introduce social distancing, Syrian founders seem to have suffered from additional and targeted restrictions in countries like Turkey and Lebanon.

Grace Atkinson, Executive Director of Jusoor said,“This research has shown that Syrian founders, particularly those in the early stage of starting a business, have been particularly vulnerable to the new business climate imposed by COVID-19 restrictions across the countries.

"Wherever they are, Syrian businesses have been hit hard without financial backing, lack of adequate infrastructures such as internet or electricity, and the growing gap in knowledge.“

Like many small businesses and startups around the world, Syrian owners had to shut down operations as the crisis hit. But the difference was that for them, with the absence of any form of support, they have lost the only source of income for their families. We are talking about thousands of businesses who lost years of progress in the span of two months.”

Jusoor and Spark are calling on refugee-hosting governments to create a post-Covid strategy that supports job creation and includes refugee businesses in a robust economic plan and introduce policies that encourage the inclusion of Syrian founders through low-cost business registration schemes.

The two organizations also call on investors and donors to utilize more resources to support small businesses and startups through cash grants and micro-finance.

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